Time capsule mac os x server

To configure the Server app as a Time Machine server, follow these steps:. At this point, the service is up and running and ready to start receiving backups. There is just one more thing to look at before connecting your Mac s to the server: Users.

macOS Sierra Server Part 15: Time Machine

Even if it's just you that'll be backing up to this server, it's best not to use the server's admin credentials to connect. Instead, you should make a new account for yourself that you will use to connect.

Turn up the Time Machine service in macOS Server

In this way, if the account is ever compromised, access to the server and services will be limited. If there are multiple people backing up to this server, give each user their own account rather than sharing a single "backup user" account.


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  • How Time Machine works!

Make sure the password is a secure one and the home folder is set to "None - Services Only. Once all your users are created, select one and click the gear icon at the bottom of the window.


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From there, select "Edit Access to Services. Service access can be adjusted at any time, so if you decide to run more services later you can simply let users have access at that time. With all the backups going to your server, you can leverage a few of the perks running a server gives you.

backup - How to inherit sparsebundle on macOS Server Time Machine service? - Ask Different

If you click on the Time Machine service in the Server App, you can select the "backups" tab. A list of all the backups currently stored on the server will be presented to you with some useful information. If you know the Macs that are backing up to this server, never leave the network for longer than a day; seeing a laptop that hasn't backed up in over a week is a good reason to investigate why. The total size of the store backups for each machine is listed as well.

Let's say there is one backup that uses up 2 TB of data while all other machines only use a few hundred GB's, you know that user doesn't have much data that needs to be backed up. If your server has enough horsepower, RAM and storage space not on the startup disk but other internal or external drive , you should take a look at the Caching service in the Server App. So if you just downloaded and installed the latest macOS update on your Mac, that's 1. Rather than every other Mac downloading this same update directly from Apple, it'll be served from your server.

If your Internet is slow or if you have monthly data limits, this can save you many gigabytes of data every month. Setting up the Caching service is a breeze. Simply select the service from the list, set the cache location any hard drive that is not your startup disk and set a cache limit. The permissions are set to their best options automatically only your network , so no need to worry about that.


  1. OS X Server Essentials 10.10: Configuring Time Machine as a Network Service.
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  3. Reference 17.1 Configuring Time Machine as a Network Service;
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  8. You also don't have to give users permission to use this service, macOS handles it all for you. As long as a device is on your network and needs content that exists in the cache, it will receive it from that cache. You can now configure a limit to the size of each client backup, but only a Mac running OS X Mavericks or newer will obey this limit. It is also a good idea to use the exclusions in Time Machine on the computer being backed up to limit the amount of data being backed up to a manageable level. You might decide to back up only the user home folder and documents to save space.

    If service data is on a non-startup volume, or both the startup and non-startup need to be restored

    You must turn on the File Sharing service for clients to use the Time Machine service. The destination you define in the Time Machine service will appear as a share point in the File Sharing list. The Server app provides no warning that if you turn off the File Sharing service, you will interrupt active Time Machine backups or restores; so, if you offer the Time Machine service, be sure not to turn off the File Sharing service until you have confirmed that no client computers are actively backing up or restoring with the Time Machine service.

    After you use the Server app to choose a destination for Time Machine backups, click the On switch to turn on the Time Machine service. On the Time Machine destination, each client computer gets its own sparse disk image a sparse disk image can grow in size , and there is an automatically configured access control list ACL to prevent anyone from accessing or deleting Time Machine files from the sparse disk image. The Backups pane shows a list of the backups done and their status.

    However, OS X Server does not automatically migrate existing backup files. After the user agrees to use the disk, OS X uses Time Machine to back up all the nonexcluded files, not just the files that have changed since the last time a successful Time Machine backup completed, so it may take a long time, depending on how much data is backed up.