Install linux on mac os x
With Terminal open, use the following command to list all connected drives:. Later you also may want to restore it. Here's how to do both. Here's how to install a fresh copy of macOS and erase everything. Read More among other things if you decide to go back. There are other tools that claim to help you do this, but not all of them work, and some cost money. I tested it again for this article, it failed miserably and was generally unpleasant to use. We'll walk you through this alternative method for installing macOS.
Read More , we have you covered there as well. Explore more about: Linux , USB. Your email address will not be published. I'm a quite old Gnu Linux now Debian user and I use to make my bootable usb sticks using dd. I use bootable usb sticks a lot because I need them to repair PCs, recover data, make diagnostics etc Now I need to boot a live on a Mac. My question is: if I make a bootable usb on Linux using Etcher, is it bootable on a Mac? People were attracted to Macs because they were simple.
Linux should be the new Mac but it's always such a tedious process just to get the freaking thing installed.
Install Linux on a MacBook Air
Or to get it not-quite-installed and then give up, yet again. Is there no Steve Jobs of the Linux world to give us one simple solution that actually, and effortessly, works?! Coversion of Puppy Linux Precise 5. DD to USB worked fine. It appears Mac OSX Uh oh. I may have spoken too soon. Everything seemed to be working, but now all I have on the MacBook Pro is a non-blinking hyphen. My brain was about to explode because I kept following all the various steps on every other "how to" article about this on the internet, and none of them worked! I don't think any of the other authors actually tried the steps they were explaining, because if they had, the would never even have gotten a bootable stick!
There's a 21st-Century phrase for you. You say that Macs cannot boot from the SD card. Are you sure about that? It works great. The SD card image is not appearing when I start up with the option key pressed down. I really need the computer to boot the linux system from the sd card. Do you know what should be done? Any help would be greatly appreciated.
Thank you. This doesn't work on When I get to the part where I have to click on "Partition" I cannot click it It was grey from being deactivated. Can anyone tell me why and how to get around this problem.
Linux vs Mac OS: 15 Reasons Why You Must Use Linux Instead of Mac OS
If you are trying to partition the "Macintosh HD" part, it won't work, because you need to go to the parent part one level above "Macintish HD". If you are talking about the external drive USB drive , you need to format it first then partition it while in the process of formatting, not after. Thanks a lot for your article! It has great contents! I have a problem with my dual boot installation. Do you know what the problem is? Can you help me? I don't see any updates in the last 18 months or so. Will it support the latest versions? The application is now at version 3.
Its user interface has been totally re-designed since this article was posted and it has new features too! Hi, thanks for the article. THough I came in quite late in doing this, it works ok. My question pertains to downloading drivers on my Macbook Pro. Everytime I would log out, and would again log in using Linux, my wifi cannot be detected, and I still have to download the drivers again thru the net. IS there a way to wake the need to download disappear, and save the drivers, so that next time I wanna use Linux, don't have to download anything anymore.. I assume I format per your directions and then manually drag and drop the relevant iso file, correct?
Thanks for the article. Really helpful. But I was wondering how to make it so that my mac always starts up with OSX, but I can use Linux if I just press the option key when it starts up. In other words, how do you get rid of that screen on startup that asks what you want to boot with? When you reach the boot volume selection screen, hold down the Control key before hitting Return.
On most Macs that should turn the arrow into a circular arrow, indicating that the selected volume will be automatically booted from thereafter. Just tried ubuntu latest version with Mac Linux USB loader latest version but it has problems with loading kernel. It just never want to boot. Hi Justin, good to see you still writing. Thought I'd point out that the name of the boot loader depends on the architecture of the EFI rather than the operating system.
So, bootX It's worth pointing out since models that have fallen off of the support wagon are more likely to get the Linux treatment. Why isn't it possible to just create a regular bootable usb drive, boot of it and install a damn distro? Honestly I don't get it. Hell I wouldn't even complain if I actually bought one, but my girlfriend has one and honestly, I think mac os sucks just to bad to get used to.
So I've installed a couple of month ago windows via boot camp still don't get the sense of that because she play wanted to play some games. Unfortunately she doesn't like windows just like me Ok to be honest I'd prefer windows over mac but that's another topic. So I wanted to install a nice easy Linux distro additionally.
Because Linux just runs. And I'm quite shure it's way faster as macos which is on her Macbook painfully slow. Hell even windows manages to run faster and with more performance. And now I'm reading stuff and watching how in the sake of satan I'm supposed to install a God damn Linux distro additionally. Why the hell must apple make this process hard and annoying?
On every damned regular pc it's easy as pie. I'm sick of apple. I'd never ever buy apple PCs and yes an apple computer is nothing more than a damn PC after facing all this crap when using my girlfriends laptop. I've run into complications installing Linux on many computers, but it's true that Macs are more complex than most. I recommend you stick to your own computer and leave your girlfriend's Mac alone.
Thanks for the help but i have a problem, there is no usb choice that i can select for destination for mac linux usb loader. I'm using the latest version and I've also tried the one before and still the same problem. That's really quite odd, not sure how to help to be honest. Do you have another drive? If so, does it show up? I cannot update Kali or do anything that takes up storage because of this. Kali is bootable but only able to use MB of storage.
Please help! You guys are awesome! My first attempt was at dual booting which resulted in me mucking about in terminal, following the instructions on the Kali website, following those instructions precisely, only to have a different response in terminal than the one outlined on the Kali website. Which ultimately resulted in a lot of wasted time and effort. Fast forward to now..
Kali Linux running perfectly on my Mac computer. The screen I'm looking at right now is something I've wanted to see for a long time. I think this process was actually even easier than the last OS X update I installed. So a very sincere thank you to both the software developer and to the author of this article for making a complicated process so incredibly easy.
I can't tell you how great it feels to know something I wrote 2 years ago is still helping people. Thanks for taking the time to leave a comment! It just helped me install Kali and make it work. Now if I could just figure out how to make it persistent. Hi, this is the problem I run into "The installation failed because the Enterprise source that you have selected is either incomplete or missing. I am admittedly as uneducated as it comes to computers so this may be a simple fix that I just don't understand so any help would be appreciated greatly! When I tried to load kali onto a usb, It would say that there was a mount error.
That or it would just go to my regular boot screen. Mine worked perfectly. Make sure you partition it exactly as stated above, and make sure you have the latest release of Kali. Hope that helps. I am running OSX Have tried reformatting several times. Any idea what could be the problem? Thanks in advance. I'm glad this was helpful for you! I spent a lot of time searching for a solution, and when I couldn't find a working tutorial I put my research together into this. Thank you! Now i have a live distro in my MBP pro middle Just a little problem I can't have a persistent mode I've used ubuntu I've yet to figure out how to get a persistent Linux install on an external drive that will boot on a Mac, I think it would be another tutorial entirely.
I am having problems with the USB loader. Anyone know what to do? I have reformatted the memory stick several times and it is not possible to get it to mount. Due to a faulty graphics card I am running in safe mode, that could possibly be the reason? I wanted to test Linux as a last resort. I did burn a disk with Linux Oh, you're in safe mode; that's relevant. Apparently you need to mount flash drives from the Terminal.
Found this:. Hi and thanx for the response. The 4GB memory stick was formated and partitioned correctly, it simply will not mount on Yosemite. That's really odd, haven't had that problem myself and can't find much information on it. My only suggestion is to try reformatting in Disk Utility and see if that helps. Mounting the volume usually doesn't take any extra steps: you just plug it in and it works. Does this same disk work on other computers?
If not, consider reformatting it. Using Mint, receive error message "no suitable video mode found".
How to Install and Dual Boot Linux on a Mac
After that just a screen with multiple black and white stripes. I can't get it to work at all. Why won't it work? Hello Justin! Are you interested in logs, I could copy them. Which files specifically would interest you or seven bits? Thanks for your work!
Wouldn't have dreamt it was such a hassle to get a linux up and running. I'm just some guy who wrote about this, and am not behind the software in any way — I don't think logs will help me very much. You could let the developer know what's up, but if you're getting that far into the process I'm fairly certain the problem is with Ubuntu itself. Your hardware isn't yet supported by the OS, would be my guess.
It's astounding how complex getting Linux onto a Mac is. It never used to be this bad, but drivers were always an issue with brand new ones. Andi and anyone else: please contact through my site at SevenBits. I think the author of this post should put that URL in his post to direct people my way. Great read and program! Now i just need to find a program that lets you load and save from a usb stick. I followed the instructions and am trying to use the USB loader but when I try to create the live USB for whatever reason the software does not recognize or see the usb drive.
It only sees my SD card, which I do not want to use. I am using a SanDisk and I followed the formatting instructions you provided. Any ideas? Does this work for Intel-based macs. Does it not need to be GPT partition? This does work for intel-based Macs, though some readers are reporting problems with Mavericks. Haven't gotten around to testing that yet. Report back. Doesn't seem to be working on Mavericks- app runs, but it can't see my USB stick and therefore can't do its thing.
Running no problem, just one question whats the password for supperuser in terminal? What it so i can run android studio. Oh and great articale. There is no superuser in Ubuntu, just the main user. You can type "sudo -i" in the terminal for a similar function, however. Thanks, as you can tell I'm more at home with android.
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- Method 1: Create a Live USB Using Etcher (Easy)!
Next question is bit more of a difficult one, how do I make it persistent from USB? Ya thought it be a bit of pain alright, trying to make it for the brother. Only starting messing with linux last week and have puppy running from usb like a charm and got mint running alongside my win7 without having to format the harddridve, then i hit the wall that is Apple. Thanks for you help, keep me up to date. JK read the first comment; step one is a must if your USB has been windows-formatted in the past.
Don't skip it; spay and neuter that USB drive. Yeah, skipping that step can cause exactly the problem you had, and pet neutering is important if we want to maintain a balanced ecosystem free of stray cats and dogs. If you got the -mac edition? I have a iMac with a dvd , and booted Ubuntu to it, but I never noticed the -Mac in the name B03 SMC Version system : 1.
Followed the excellent instructions provided by Justin, "exactly". After repeated try's only got past the dreaded "fasten you seat belts" once, the first time all subsequent attempts froze at the the "fasten seat belts phase". Thus given my system, is it the recommendation to acquire a "PC" and install Ubuntu that 'just works? I'm not sure what could be causing the hangup in your case. Have you verified that an actual CD will boot? I know it sucks, but it might help us know if this is an Ubuntu problem or a USB-boot problem Is there a way to get notifications, or subscribe to this article?
One more note. I'm just a guy who enjoys writing about technology, I'm sure if you gave it a shot you could figure out how to do this just as quickly as me. You can boot Linux from a second drive on your Mac, sure, and also from a partition on your primary Mac drive. I installed to a partition, myself. I'm afraid that persistence really hasn't been messed around too much on Linux when booting in UEFI mode. The steps are as easy as 1, 2, 3 - assuming you don't have extra needs, of course.
Great read. What are my options to boot into a persistent Linux on a 13" MBP? I'm thinking internal optibay, external TB, FW, Your suggestions for working and proven setups highly appreciated. I've yet to get a persistent install to work on an external drive, and I've tried. So I'm afraid I can't help right now, but expect an article on this site as soon as I get it working.
I could not go past step 1 because what I see on my screen doesn't match the screen here in this tutorial. You should be able to boot Ubuntu directly from the USB stick without having to perform an install. This lets you check basic operations before you commit to altering your Mac's configuration to accommodate Ubuntu.
One of the first stumbling blocks you may encounter is how the flash drive should be formatted. If you plan on permanently installing Ubuntu on your Mac while keeping the Mac OS, you need to create one or more volumes specifically for housing the Ubuntu OS. The process is simple. You use Disk Utility to partition an existing volume, such as your Mac's startup drive, to make room for a second volume. You could also use an entire drive other than your startup drive, to house Ubuntu, or you could create another partition on a nonstartup drive.
There are lots of choices. Just to add another option, you could also install Ubuntu on an external drive connected via USB or Thunderbolt. You may have heard that Linux OSes need multiple partitions to run at their best; one partition for disk swap space, another for the OS, and a third for personal data.
While Ubuntu can use multiple partitions, it's also capable of being installed in a single partition, which is the method used here. You can always add a swap partition later from within Ubuntu. You're going to use the disk partitioning utility included with Ubuntu to create the needed storage space. What you need the Mac's Disk Utility to do is define that space, so it's easy to select and use when installing Ubuntu. Creating the space erases any information on the selected volume. Instead, you create a volume with an easy-to-identify name, format, and size that stands out when it comes time to select a volume for the Ubuntu installation.
If you're going to use an existing partition, take a look at these two guides for resizing and partitioning:. Partitioning, resizing, and formatting any drive can result in data loss. Make sure you have a current backup of any data on the selected drives involved. If you've already created a Windows Boot Camp partition, you won't be able to add a Ubuntu partition as well.
Consider using an external drive with Ubuntu instead. The format will change when you install Ubuntu. Its purpose is only to make it easy to identify which disk and partition you use for Ubuntu later in the install process. Both pieces of information are helpful in identifying the volume later during the Ubuntu install. So far, you've worked on getting your Mac ready to receive Ubuntu and prepared a bootable installer you can use for the process. Your Mac already comes equipped with a boot manager that lets you choose between multiple Mac or Window OSes that may be installed on your Mac.
You'll use GRUB shortly when you run through the installation process. Instead, make use of a third-party boot manager called rEFInd. In a nutshell, SIP prevents ordinary users, including administrators, from changing system files, including preference files and folders the Mac OS uses for itself.
You can jump to an installation, but try Ubuntu first. The main reason is that you may discover problems before committing to a full install. Some of the issues you may find include the install of live USB not working with your Mac graphics card. This is one of the more common problems Mac users face when installing Linux.
You may also find out that your Wi-Fi or Bluetooth isn't operating. Most of these issues can be corrected after the install, but knowing about them ahead of time lets you do a little research from your familiar Mac environment. You can track down the issues and possibly acquire needed drivers or at least know where to get them before the installation. Before you try booting to the live USB drive you created, there's a bit of preparation to perform. The changes you just made are not saved. They're used just this one time.
Should you need to use the Try Ubuntu without installing option in the future, you'll need to edit the line once again. Adding nomodeset is the most common method of correcting a graphics issue when installing, but it's not the only one. If you continue to have display issues, you can try the following:. Determine the make of the graphics card your Mac uses. You can do this by selecting About This Mac from the Apple menu.
Look for the text Graphics , make a note of the graphics being used, and then use one of the following values instead of nomodeset:. If you're still having problems with the display, check the Ubuntu forums for issues with your specific Mac model. Now that you have a live version of Ubuntu running on your Mac, check to make sure your Wi-Fi network is working, as well as Bluetooth, if needed. You can click on any of the OS icons to select the operating system you want to use. If after restarting you have issues, such as missing or nonfunctional devices Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, printers, or scanners , check with the Ubuntu community for tips about getting all your hardware working.
Share Pin Email. Tom Nelson has written hundreds of articles, tutorials, and reviews for Other World Computing and About. He is the president of Coyote Moon, Inc. You need several things before you can start:. A recent backup. Use Carbon Copy Cloner or a similar utility to clone an external bootable drive that includes a copy of the Recovery HD volume.
After you have a working clone, disconnect it from your Mac to ensure that the clone backup isn't accidentally erased during the Ubuntu installation. These are the bare minimums; more RAM and faster processor speeds or additional processor cores are helpful. The installation described here is on a inch Retina iMac running macOS Sierra , but the process should work for any Mac released after If you plan to use an older Mac, you should still be able to install Ubuntu, but you need to pay attention to how the boot process works for older hardware.
If you have problems getting your older Mac to work with Ubuntu, stop by the Ubuntu forums and search for install guides for your Mac model. The flash drive is used as a bootable Ubuntu installer that contains not only the basic installer but also a live version of Ubuntu that you can run directly from the USB flash drive without modifying anything on your Mac. This is a great way to test whether your Mac and Ubuntu can get along.
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A USB keyboard and mouse. You need a USB-based keyboard and mouse because it's highly likely that the Ubuntu Bluetooth drivers will need to be installed or updated before a wireless keyboard or mouse can work. This is the minimum size recommended for the desktop version of Ubuntu; more space to work with can be a benefit.
Ubuntu This is the current stable version of Ubuntu that was available when we started this project. Later versions should work as well. Check the release notes for any specific changes that may affect installation or use on your Mac.
2. Create Your Ubuntu Installation Drive
The following process completely erases any data you have on the USB flash drive. Locate the flash drive in Disk Utility's sidebar. Select the actual flash drive and not the formatted volume that may appear just below the flash drive's manufacturer name. Click Erase in the Disk Utility toolbar. Click Erase. When the process is complete, click Done. Before you leave Disk Utility , make a note of the flash drive's device name.
You should see the device name, such as disk2s2, or similar. Write down the device name. You need it later. Quit Disk Utility. The utility downloads as a disk image, with the name unetbootin-mac The actual number in the file name may change as newer versions are released. Locate the downloaded UNetbootin disk image. It is probably in your Downloads folder. Double-click the. The UNetbootin image opens.
The app works just fine from within the disk image. Launch UNetbootin by right-clicking on the unetbootin app and selecting Open from the popup menu. Use this method to launch the app because the developer isn't a registered Apple developer, and your Mac's security settings may prevent the app from launching.
This method of launching the app bypasses the basic security settings without having to go into the System Preferences to change them. Your Mac's security system will still warn you about the developer of the app being unrecognized and ask if you really want to run the app. Click Open. A dialog box open, saying osascript wants to make changes. Enter your administrator password and click OK. The UNetbootin window opens. Do not choose the ISO option.